The Pavukon calendar is deeply rooted in the religious and mystical beliefs of the Balinese and continues to be a key aspect of their lives. So, traditional holidays are celebrated on it, for example, the Day of Silence - the Balinese New Year. In addition, a special calendar attracts tourists to study the local religion, traditions and history.
Ancient foundations and development
The history of the Balinese calendar goes back to ancient times, when settlers brought their system of cycles to the island. Soon, local residents began to distinguish the seasons from it. The calendar is based on the phases of the moon, the movement of the sun and other cosmic bodies. Such a system has taken root well in Bali, because there are no seasons in the usual sense for Europeans. There is no cold and hot season, but there is a rainy season and a dry season.
The ancient Balinese adopted a very complex calendar, it is not so easy to figure it out. However, it has become a tool for establishing a connection between cosmic phenomena, religious holidays and the daily life of the Balinese. Ancient scientists and astronomers of the island observed the movement of celestial bodies, creating accurate tables to determine the time and establish holidays.
The Balinese calendar plays a key role in the religious life of the island. It determines the days of various rituals, ceremonies and holidays associated with gods and spirits, which, according to the beliefs of the Balinese, affect people's lives and nature. Many days have their own religious and symbolic significance, and the Balinese follow these traditions to strengthen their ties to the deities and ensure harmony in the world.